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  • 301.
    Blomqvist, Paula
    statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Boundaries of Welfare. European Integration and the New Spatial Politics of Social Protection. Mauritizio Ferrera.2006In: International Social Security Review, ISSN 0020-871X, E-ISSN 1468-246X, Vol. 5, no 3Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Blomqvist, Paula
    et al.
    statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Andersen, Karen
    Immergut, Ellen
    Sweden: Markets within Politics2008In: Public and private Social Policy: Health and Pension Politics in a New Era / [ed] Béland, D. and Gran, B, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Blomqvist, Paula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bergman, Patrik
    Regionalisation Nordic Style: Will Regions in Sweden Threaten Local Democracy?2010In: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 43-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Governance in the Nordic countries has a highly local character. Most public services are provided by locally elected bodies that enjoy a high degree of autonomy in relation to political institutions at the national level. In recent years, questions about the appropriate size of local government have re-surfaced, prompted, at least in part, by the current trend towards regionalisation within the EU. In this paper we investigate empirically the question of whether regionalisation in the Nordic setting can be said to reduce the democratic quality of governance in the area of health care. We do so by comparing conditions for democracy in a provincial governing unit (a so-called county council) in Sweden, with an average size of about 260,000 inhabitants, with those in a newly created region, populated by 1.5 million. We ask, thus, if it is true that governance in the smaller unit, i.e. the county council, is more democratic than in the region, and, if so, in what way? Our results point to that there is in fact little difference in democratic conditions between the region and the county council; a result that can be attributed to the fact that local institutions for decision-making and citizen participation were carefully re-constructed when Swedish county councils were amalgamated into regions. Hence, we conclude that institutions that facilitate direct democratic participation, such as the right of citizens to attend assembly meetings or submit proposals to the assembly are probably more important for the democratic quality of governance than size. 'Small' is not always more beautiful, at least not in democratic terms.

  • 304.
    Blomqvist, Paula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rothstein, Bo
    Välfärdsstatens nya ansikte: Demokrati och marknadsstyrning inom den offentliga sektorn2000Book (Other scientific)
  • 305.
    Blomsterlund, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sustainability in Trade: A comparative study of EU trade agreements with Central America and  the Southern African Development Community 2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What affects the sustainability provisions of EU Free Trade Agreements? I have sought the answer to this through studying the FTAs in place with Central America and the Southern African Development Community. The sustainability provisions in these two agreements show a variation in the level of strength. Based on previous research I present four hypotheses on the matter; integration into GVCs, the activity of environmental movement organisations, political representation of green parties and economic power. In total I use 11 different measurements to test the hypotheses. Through a comparative study of the two agreements I find that GVC integration and green party prevalence does not explain the variation found, but there are possibly explanations to be found in the other two variables studied. The aspiration of this paper is to contribute with insight on the decision making process of the ever expanding EU FTAs, especially with developing regions.

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  • 306.
    Blondel, Ylva Isabelle
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Do spectacular events lead to changes in expectations?: Television media coverage acts of terror and France’s security agenda2004Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 307.
    Blum, Tyra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Upplevelser av koldioxidskatter bland engagerade i Bränsleupproret: En studie om motstånd mot klimatpolitik2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 308.
    Bodin, Örjan
    et al.
    Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Alexander, S. M.
    Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo.
    Baggio, J.
    National Center for Integrated Coastal Research, University of Central Florida.
    Barnes, M. L.
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University.
    Berardo, R.
    School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University.
    Cumming, G. S.
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University.
    Dee, L. E.
    Department of Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities.
    Fischer, A. P.
    School for Environment and Sustainability, University of Michigan.
    Fischer, M.
    Department of Environmental Social Sciences, Eawag;Institute of Political Science, University of Bern.
    Mancilla Garcia, M.
    Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Guerrero, A. M.
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland;ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, The University of Queensland.
    Hileman, J.
    Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Ingold, K.
    Department of Environmental Social Sciences, Eawag;Institute of Political Science, University of Bern;Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern.
    Matous, P.
    The University of Sydney, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technologies.
    Morrison, T. H.
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Pittman, J.
    School of Planning, University of Waterloo.
    Robins, G.
    Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne;Faculty of Business and Law, Swinburne University.
    Sayles, J. S.
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
    Improving network approaches to the study of complex social–ecological interdependencies2019In: Nature Sustainability, E-ISSN 2398-9629, Vol. 2, no 7, p. 551-559Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Achieving effective, sustainable environmental governance requires a better understanding of the causes and consequences of the complex patterns of interdependencies connecting people and ecosystems within and across scales. Network approaches for conceptualizing and analysing these interdependencies offer one promising solution. Here, we present two advances we argue are needed to further this area of research: (i) a typology of causal assumptions explicating the causal aims of any given network-centric study of social–ecological interdependencies; (ii) unifying research design considerations that facilitate conceptualizing exactly what is interdependent, through what types of relationships and in relation to what kinds of environmental problems. The latter builds on the appreciation that many environmental problems draw from a set of core challenges that re-occur across contexts. We demonstrate how these advances combine into a comparative heuristic that facilitates leveraging case-specific findings of social–ecological interdependencies to generalizable, yet context-sensitive, theories based on explicit assumptions of causal relationships.

  • 309.
    Bogg, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    China and India as humanitarian donors: A regional case study in Southeast Asia2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 310.
    Bogärde, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Svenska folkhögskolans lärarförening och staten 1902-1970: en studie i organisationsinflytande1974Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Bokstad, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Equality, friendship and mutual respect: Exploring Russian state public diplomacy in Sub-Saharan Africa2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Russia has energetically expanded its involvement in Sub-Saharan Africa in the last decade. Through a qualitative thematic analysis on a dataset of 191 English language posts from the websites of the Kremlin and the Russian MFA published between 2001 and 2023, this project seeks to describe how Russian state public diplomacy presents Russia’s relations with Sub-Saharan African nations and Africa as a whole. A typology by Bobba and Hubé (2021) was adapted, which focuses on how issues are problematised and politicised in political communication, and revolves around the categories of naming, blaming and claiming. The findings reveal that while anti-colonial and anti-Western rhetoric is prevalent in Russian state public diplomacy, themes emphasising cooperation, shared values, identity, and positive representations are even more widespread, a departure from previous research. This justified the creation of a fourth category in the typology: invoking. Combative portrayals of the West, and naming of colonialism as a problem, entered the dataset starting around 2018 for MFA posts and 2022 for Kremlin posts. From 2022, some posts also portrayed Russia as a country and Russians as a people as fellow victims of colonialism together with Africa, which was not mentioned in prior research. Further studies could apply the typology used in this thesis to include statements by Sub-Saharan African state officials, or study Russian state portrayals of relations with Russia’s Near Abroad.

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  • 312.
    Bolding, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Knowledge of the EU and attitudes towards free movement2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Does being more knowledgeable about the EU increase support for the free movement of people and, secondly, do more knowledgeable people show less ambivalence in their attitudes towards free movement? These are the questions I want to answer in this thesis. Based on the literature on attitude formation both towards immigration and European integration I conduct a regression analysis using Eurobarometer data from every EU country. Of particular importance is the concept of ‘attitudinal ambivalence’, where respondents hold conflicting opinions towards a subject when different aspects of that subject are primed. This is also the case for the free movement of people: less people support it when the inward mobility of other EU citizens is primed in the survey question. In this thesis I theorise that people who have more knowledge of the EU are more supportive of the freedom of movement and hold less ambivalent attitudes because they realise the inconsistency of their opinions. These predictions are supported by the results of the regression analysis, providing evidence that knowledge is an interesting variable in attitudinal research. Furthermore, this thesis contributes to the rather new field of attitudinal research into the free movement of people.   

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  • 313.
    Bollmark, Henning
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Tabooing Dirty Hands?2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The normative political theory problem of dirty hands (DH) concerns the troubling possibility that political leaders, from a (mostly) consequentialist perspective, might sometimes be morally required to make exceptions from sensitive rules like prohibitions of extremely harmful practices (e.g. torture) in order to avert catastrophic threats and crises, while such rules are still considered so important and such crises so rare that one nonetheless feels inclined to deem dirty exceptions categorically wrong so as to prevent their unnecessary proliferation through a slippery-slope type development. 

    How can we conceptualize such a problematic necessity? A latent but insufficiently explored idea in the DH literature is that the normatively preferrable approach to such a wicked problem might be to not try to conceptualize it at all, or at least not in our public work as academics. In this thesis, I introduce the straightforward suggestion that if the DH problem cannot be discussed without risking slippery-slope demoralization of the partaking deliberators and/or audience, we seem to be morally required to content ourselves with terming it an unspeakable, taboo subject in non-crisis times, as a meta-level ersatz solution to the core-level political problem conventionally centered in the DH literature. 

    I also discuss to what extent the mainstream, weak rule utilitarian (WRU) DH literature can themselves be understood as intentionally testing the limits of consequentialist reasoning in a search for a 'higher' moral truth than what their ethical position might entail at first glance.

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    [Fulltext] Tabooing Dirty Hands - Henning Bollmark
  • 314.
    Bonotti, Matteo
    et al.
    Politics and International Relations, School of Social Sciences Monash University Melbourne Victoria Australia.
    Carlsson, Nina
    Department of Political Science, School of Social Sciences Södertörn University Stockholm Sweden.
    Rowe, Colin W
    Institute of Philosophy KU Leuven Leuven Belgium.
    Introduction: Linguistic justice, migration and the nation‐state2022In: Nations and Nationalism, ISSN 1354-5078, E-ISSN 1469-8129, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 379-386Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides an introduction to the themed section “Linguistic Justice, Migration and the Nation-State.” First, it illustrates the rationale for the themed section by examining the relationship between language, migration and the nation-state. It argues that accounts of linguistic justice that fail to incorporate, discuss and understand the language interests of migrants, and the potential tensions that may emerge between migrants' linguistic rights and duties, and between their linguistic rights and those of autochthonous groups, are likely to become obsolete in an increasingly mobile world. Second, it provides an overview of the articles in the themed section. And, finally, it highlights four specific areas of inquiry that should deserve greater attention in future scholarship.

  • 315.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Välfärdsstaten i det mångkulturella samhället2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The theoretical point of departure in this dissertation proposes that the liberal welfare state includes a fundamental logic of integration, viewing the attainment of social equality between different categories in society as a main condition for social integration. But how can this logic of integration be applied to a multicultural society? Is trying to achieve equal access to certain socio-economic standards sufficient, or does cultural diversity call for other measures in order to fulfill the aim of equality and integration?

    In this study it is argued that the liberal welfare state in a multicultural society is confronted with three tensions. Firstly there is a tension between the welfare state’s aim to promote equality and freedom for the individual and at the same time to fulfill certain collective interests and goals. Secondly there is a tension between on the one hand the aim to promote integration within the community of citizens – demos – and on the other hand to tolerate (or even to actively promote) the fact that citizens also enjoy membership in different ethnic communities – ethnos. Thirdly there is a tension between a policy strategy that is general in the sense that all citizens are in principle involved as recipients, and a policy strategy that is targeted as it identifies only members of a certain category of the population as its recipients.

    These three tensions are used as Weberian ideal types in analyzing the Swedish discourse about policies targeted towards immigrants over a period of 30 years. The study includes an analysis of the discourse within four separate policy areas: the general policy towards immigrants, policies towards immigrants’ voluntary associations, educational policies and housing policies. The empirical results show that, over time, the discourse has moved from a multicultural policy towards a position of civic assimilation.

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  • 316.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Myrberg, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Välfärdsstaten och de nyanlända: en flyktingplaceringspolitisk probleminventering2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to make an inventory overview of challenges and problems in the area of refugee settlement policies. An analysis is made of the political development, from the mid 1980s and onwards, of this hotly debated issue in Swedish politics. Then we identify a number of principal themes and problems which arise in relation to questions of dispersal programmes and refugee reception. The paper is based on an ongoing research project at Uppsala University, where refugee settlement policies are studied from a comparative Scandinavian perspective, focusing both on the national level and on the local level.

  • 317.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Uppsala Religion and Society Research Centre.
    Petrogiannis, Vasileios
    Södertörn University.
    Conflicting Conceptualisations of Europeanisation: Sweden Country Report2020Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This report explores how recent processes of immigration have changed discourses about Europe and migration in Swedish political speeches and newspaper editorials 2011-2018. In the period up to September 2015, political speeches and editorials reflected a dominant humanitarian discourse and Sweden was expected to strive for a better and more coordinated EU policy approach in relation to refugees. The prevailing image was of Sweden as a forerunner and role model for other EU member states. The right-wing populist party the Sweden Democrats (SD) represented a counter-discourse, instead emphasizing as a main problem that Sweden diverged from other European countries in maintaining a more generous approach towards migration.  In Sweden, liberal ideas and rhetoric about Europe dominate the political discourse. Political speeches analysed in this report reflect images of Europe as an “open society”; the aim being to incorporate diversity in the European project along with the fundamental approval of human rights based on the liberal platform of respect of individual dignity. The material analyzed in this report gives relatively few examples of framings characteristic of conservative ideas of Europe. One reason for this may be that, given the dominance of the liberal discourse, even right-wing populist party representatives (Sweden Democrats, SD) tend to frame their messages and proposals in a liberalist language. There are however recurrent examples of arguments and framings – used by SD as well as other political parties – focusing on the alleged threat that external migration represents, to Sweden and/or to Europe, and there is an indication of an increase in this type of frame in the second part of the studied period (2015-2018).

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  • 318.
    Borg, Dominika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Euroasian Studies.
    The war on terror and the institution of human rights - can the two be combined?2006Report (Other academic)
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  • 319.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Discursive discrimination of the 'mentally deficient' in interwar Sweden2006In: Disability & Society, Vol. 22, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article shows, firstly, one way in which discrimination in discourse, that is, discrimination performed through the use of language, can be studied with the help of a set of concepts: exclusion from discourse; negative other-presentation; objectification; and proposals pointing towards unfavourable treatment. The concept of othering is also used. Secondly, an empirical study of the discursive treatment of people labelled 'mentally deficient' in interwar Sweden is presented. The parliamentary debate on a new sterilisation law, encyclopaedic entries and medical descriptions are focused. The results reveal that the group in question was blatantly discriminated against, by means of all of the forms of discursive discrimination mentioned, and was also othered. It is suggested that the set of concepts could be useful for comparative studies of discursive treatment of people categorised as 'mentally deficient' in other countries during the same period and for studies of possible contemporary discrimination.

  • 320.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Diskriminering med ord2005Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken behandlar på ett populärvetenskapligt sätt hur man kan analysera diskriminering med språkliga medel. Den presenterar ett analysschema för olika former av diskriminering med ord och ger exempel från tre empiriska studier: en om den diskursiva behandlingen av "sinnesslöa" i svensk offentlig debatt på 1920- och 1930-talet, en om den diskursiva behandlingen av "dövstumma" och döva på 1930-talet, 1970-talet och 1990-talet, samt en om mediedebatt om invandrare och mångkultur på 2000-talet.

  • 321.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Diskrimineringens retorik: En studie av svenska valrörelser 1988-20022006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I studien undersöks strukturell diskriminering med språkliga medel riktad mot den invandrade delen av befolkningen i svenska valrörelser 1988-2002.

  • 322.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Från populism mot tydligare etnisk nationalism i några europeiska partiers retorik2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 323.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Makt2009In: Politisk teori, Malmö: Liber , 2009, p. 114-132Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 324.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Makt2016In: Politisk teori / [ed] Beckman, L. & Mörkenstam, U., Malmö: Liber , 2016, 2Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 325.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    On the Struggle for Hegemony in Post-Fordist Higher Education: Review of Alcoverro, Adrià, 2020: The University and the Demand for Knowledge-based Growth. The Hegemonic Struggle for the Future of Higher Education Institutions in Finland and Estonia. Huddinge: Södertörn University.2021In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, no 2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 326.
    Boréus, Kristina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bergström, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Textens mening och makt: Metodbok i samhällsvetenskaplig textanalys2000Book (Other academic)
  • 327.
    Boscanin, Aleksandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oberoende från vem?: En idealtypsanalys av de nya moderaternas syn på samhällskontraktet2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har hävdats att de nya moderaterna präglades av en statsindividualistisk syn på staten. I denna uppsats analyseras de nya moderaternas syn på samhällskontraktet under perioden 2005-2013. Syftet är att klarlägga partiets ideologi under denna tidsperiod samt att utveckla ett analysverktyg som kan användas för att förstå synen på samhällskontraktet. Som hjälpmedel har två idealtyper konstruerats: statsindividualism och antietatism.

    Analysen visar att Nya Moderaterna under hela den studerade tidsperioden hade drag av både antietatism och statsindividualism. Från början låg tyngdpunkten på antietatism men år 2013 tonades de antietatistiska dragen ned. Däremot blev partiet inte mer statsindividualistiskt under tidsperioden.

  • 328.
    Bosi, Lorenzo
    et al.
    Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa.
    Giugni, MarcoUniversité de Genève.Uba, KatrinUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Consequences of Social Movements2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract

    Social movements have attracted much attention in recent years, both from scholars and among the wider public. This book examines the consequences of social movements, covering such issues as the impact of social movements on the life course of participants and the population in general, on political elites and markets, and on political parties and processes of social movement institutionalization. The volume makes a significant contribution to research on social movement outcomes in three ways: theoretically, by showing the importance of hitherto undervalued topics in the study of social movements outcomes; methodologically, by expanding the scientific boundaries of this research field through an interdisciplinary approach and new methods of analysis; and empirically, by providing new evidence about social movement outcomes from Europe and the United States.

  • 329.
    Bove, Vincenzo
    et al.
    Univ Warwick, Polit & Int Studies, Coventry, W Midlands, England..
    Rivera, Mauricio
    PRIO, Oslo, Norway..
    Ruffa, Chiara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Swedish Def Univ, War Studies, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Beyond coups: terrorism and military involvement in politics2020In: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 263-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A wealth of research in comparative politics and international relations examines how the military intervenes in politics via coups. We shift attention to broader forms of military involvement in politics beyond coups and claim that terrorist violence and the threat of terror attacks provide a window of opportunity for military intervention, without taking full control of state institutions. We highlight two mechanisms through which terrorism influences military involvement in politics: (1) government authorities demand military expertise to fight terrorism and strengthen national security and "pull" the armed forces into politics, and (2) state armed actors exploit their informational advantage over civilian authorities to "push" their way into politics and policy-making. A panel data analysis shows that domestic terror attacks and perceived threats from domestic and transnational terrorist organizations increase military involvement in politics. We illustrate the theoretical mechanisms with the cases of France (1995-1998 and 2015-2016) and Algeria (1989-1992).

  • 330.
    Bovin, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Free market or food stockpiles: A comparative case study of food supply in a crisis perspective in Sweden and Finland2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify similarities and differences in preparations by Sweden and Finland to ensure food supply in a crisis.

    Previous research consisting of separate studies have showed a decreased ability to ensure food supply in crisis in Sweden, and an increased ability in Finland. In a time of raising awareness, changing security concerns and political will, the contribution of this study is to simultaneously investigate the two countries and provide an understanding of the historical- and present approaches.

    By using comparative case study as method and applying International relations theory, a broader understanding of the different approaches by otherwise similar countries is achieved. The approaches of Sweden can be explained by using realist, neorealist, liberal and neoliberal theories while Finland’s approach best can be explained by realist and neorealist theories.

    The study is relevant for the field of humanitarian action and conflict since it provides an understanding of the countries contingency plans regarding food. Threat assessments from both countries identifies man-made conflicts such as terrorism, cyber-attacks, use of military force and war to have the possibility to create disruptions in the normal cycles of the society and those of surrounding countries. If these threats were to occur, basic needs must be met, one being food supply.

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    Free market or food stockpiles - A comparative case study of food supply in a crisis perspective in Sweden and Finland
  • 331.
    Boyko, Kateryna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Valkyries and Madonnas: Constructing Femininity During the Russo-Ukrainian War2023In: Post-Soviet Women: New Challenges and Ways to Empowerment / [ed] Ann-Mari Sätre; Yulia Gradskova; Vladislava Vladimirova, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, p. 203-224Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘We are the Kyiv Valkyries and we will send you all to hell’. This is how armed young women in camouflage from a female territorial defence unit video-addressed the Russian military in late February 2022. The rapid intensification of the Russo-Ukrainian War, ongoing since 2014, to a full-scale invasion, not only posed multiple new challenges for Ukrainian women but also became a moment of crisis that has led to rearticulating of the current femininity models.

    The chapter focuses on the visual representation of women’s war experience in Ukraine and the implications it had for Ukrainian women’s identity. In particular, it discusses how femininity is constructed through images disseminated via social media during the wartime and what cultural references have been applied, contested and rearticulated there.

    Semiotic analysis of the visuals shows that Ukrainian women are usually portrayed as a triad—three characters with different functions. First of all, the aggressive, militarist and simultaneously eroticised Valkyrie; then Madonna—a protective figure; third is the Witch—a chthonic entity with supernatural powers able to rule the fate. All the three roles merge in metaphoric visual depictions of Ukraine itself making women a symbol of Ukrainian resistance. The images tend to redefine traditional female roles and emphasise women’s agency and empowerment in the times of crisis. 

  • 332.
    Bozhko, Sergey
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    The Experience of Security Cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region (1990s - 2004) and Its Application Possibility in the Black Sea Region2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 333.
    Brandt, Caroline M.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Asal, Victor
    SUNY Albany, Dept Polit Sci, Albany, NY 12222 USA..
    You've got a friend in me: how international governmental organizations influence organizations' participation in elections as ethnic parties in Eastern Europe2022In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 859-878Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Which ethnopolitical organizations run for office? An extensive literature studies when ethnic parties emerge. We explore an understudied dimension that distinguishes various ethnopolitical organizations: the support of international governmental organizations (IGOs). IGOs can encourage ethnopolitical organizations to participate in elections by lowering an organization's campaign costs or the price of internal restructuring. IGOs can also increase the expected benefits of running for office. Ties with an IGO communicate to voters that an organization will effectively represent the ethnic group domestically and internationally. We explore the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the international community's hand is highly visible, to illustrate the mechanisms that link IGO support and organizations' participation in elections. We then use a large-N cross-national analysis, relying on original data of hundreds of ethnopolitical organizations from 1991-2006 throughout Eastern Europe, to assess the theory's generalizability. We use a recursive bivariate probit model to incorporate an estimate of which organizations IGOs are most likely to support into our analysis. Our results show that IGO support strongly correlates with an ethnopolitical organization running for office. This research contributes to our understanding of how ethnopolitical organizations with differing ideologies, competitive dynamics, and international ties come to represent an ethnic minority.

  • 334.
    Brankova, Alexandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Being a Woman and Russian National Identity: Discourses and Representations Through the Lenses of Russian Conservative and Nationalist Organizations2023In: Post-Soviet Women: New Challenges and Ways to Empowerment / [ed] Ann-Mari Sätre, Yulia Gradskova, Vladislava Vladimirova, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, p. 159-179Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian conservative turn and the masculinization of Russian national identity have affected women’s positions and their roles in the imagined community of the nation. The chapter explores how Russian nationalist organizations portray women and womanhood within Russian national identity discourses and representations. The study compares four nationalist and conservative groups: the Eurasian Youth Union, the Izborskii Club, the Russian Imperial Movement, and the Russian National Unity. The cases selected juxtapose more imperially oriented nationalists (the Eurasian Youth Union and the Izborskii Club) with their far-right, ethno-nationalist counterparts (the Russian Imperial Movement and the Russian National Unity). Digital media enhances the visualization of national identity discourses and the reach of nationalist media production to wider audiences. National identity discourses are critically analyzed within Russian nationalist new media ecologies focussing on their web channels, blogs, and social media. While far-right groups depict women through anti-abortion discourses and in terms of their reproductive functions for society, imperial nationalists have more complex and multi-layered notions of womanhood in terms of cultural, social, and political roles.

  • 335.
    Brankova, Alexandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Book Review: Freedom of Expression in Russia's New Mediasphere: Mariëlle Wijermars & Katja Lehtisaari (eds), London & New York, NY: Routledge, 2020, xiii + 280pp.,2022In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 74, no 8, p. 1511-1512Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 336.
    Brankova, Alexandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Russian War Nationalism: Nationalist Practices, Empire, Conservatism, and Orthodoxy2023Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The start of the 2022 Russo-Ukrainian war intensified the domestic expressions of different forms of Russian nationalism, from extremist circles and nationalist intellectuals to policy, public debates, and media spaces.

  • 337.
    Brankova, Alexandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Transformation of Bulgarian 1990s Print Media Cultures: Technology, Cultural Representations, Piracy, and Identity Formation on a Crossroad between the East and the West2023In: TMG Journal for Media History, ISSN 1387-649X, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 1-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates the transformation of Bulgaria’s print media culture in the 1990s, a period of profound political, economic, social, and cultural change in Eastern Europe. The paper’s contribution is two-fold. Firstly, it focuses on the convergence of selected Bulgarian newspapers with established and emerging media formats alongside Bulgaria’s position between the East and the West. Secondly, the representations of and discourses about technology during the transition period are analysed and their link with identity formation is explored. I compare two tabloids (Trud and 24 Chassa) with two business-focused broadsheets (Cash and Capital) issued in 1997. Adopting a non-Western perspective by focusing on a case of transitional Eastern Europe, the article offers a snapshot and a reflection on the cultural representations of technologies, discursive identity construction, and media practices of the 1990s. The emergence of the free market and the influx of electronics in Bulgaria affected identity formation as technologies related to notions of modernity, Europeanness, globalisation, entertainment, power, gender, and social status.

  • 338.
    Bratsberg, Bernt
    et al.
    The Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Dawes, Christopher T.
    Wilf Family Department of Politics, New York University, New York, United States.
    Kotsadam, Andreas
    The Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Lindgren, Karl-Oskar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Centre for Local Government Studies (CKS), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Raaum, Oddbjørn
    The Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Birth Order and Voter Turnout2022In: British Journal of Political Science, ISSN 0007-1234, E-ISSN 1469-2112, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 475-482Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have stressed the role of a child's family environment for future political participation. This field of research has, however, overlooked that children within the same family have different experiences depending on their birth order. First-borns spend their first years of life without having to compete over their parents' attention and resources, while their younger siblings are born into potential rivalry. We examine differences in turnout depending on birth order, using unique population-wide individual level register data from Sweden and Norway that enables precise within-family estimates. We consistently find that higher birth order entails lower turnout, and that the turnout differential with respect to birth order is stronger when turnout is lower. The link between birth order and turnout holds when we use data from four other, non-Nordic countries. This birth order effect appears to be partly mediated by socio-economic position and attitudinal predispositions.

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  • 339. Bratt, Eyvind
    Småstaterna i idéhistorien: en studie i äldre statsdoktriner1951Book (Other academic)
  • 340. Breidahl, Karen N.
    et al.
    Gustavsson, Gina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    Can we trust the natives?: Exploring the relationship between national identity and trust among immigrants and their descendants in Denmark2022In: Nations and Nationalism, ISSN 1354-5078, E-ISSN 1469-8129, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 592-611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Politicians often seek to strengthen national identity by encouraging immigrants to adopt the ‘national values’, thus supposedly boosting trust. However, empirical studies of the social effects of national identity have focused almost exclusively on the native majority. In this article, we instead ask how national identity among immigrant minorities affects their trust, including towards natives. We draw on unique survey data from a representative sample of the five largest non-Western immigrant groups and their descendants in Denmark. This reveals that national belonging, national pride and citizenship preferences are positively linked to social as well as institutional trust. These relationships hold even when controlling for the perception of sharing one's values with others and the extent to which one holds ‘typically Danish’ values widely shared among the majority population. This suggests that the emotional component of national identity, but not its content in the form of values, indeed forms an important basis for social cohesion.

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  • 341. Brelsford, Christa
    et al.
    Dumas, Marion
    Schlager, Edella
    Dermody, Brian J.
    Aiuvalasit, Michael
    Allen-Dumas, Melissa R.
    Beecher, Janice
    Bhatia, Udit
    D'Odorico, Paolo
    Garcia, Margaret
    Gober, Patricia
    Groenfeldt, David
    Lansing, Steve
    Madani, Kaveh
    Méndez-Barrientos, Linda Estelí
    Mondino, Elena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Müller, Marc F.
    O'Donnell, Frances C.
    Owuor, Patrick M.
    Rising, James
    Sanderson, Matthew R.
    Souza, Felipe A. A.
    Zipper, Samuel C.
    Developing a sustainability science approach for water systems2020In: Ecology & Society, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 25, no 2, article id 23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We convened a workshop to enable scientists who study water systems from both social science and physical science perspectives to develop a shared language. This shared language is necessary to bridge a divide between these disciplines’ different conceptual frameworks. As a result of this workshop, we argue that we should view socio-hydrological systems as structurally co-constituted of social, engineered, and natural elements and study the “characteristic management challenges” that emerge from this structure and reoccur across time, space, and socioeconomic contexts. This approach is in contrast to theories that view these systems as separately conceptualized natural and social domains connected by bi-directional feedbacks, as is prevalent in much of the water systems research arising from the physical sciences. A focus on emergent characteristic management challenges encourages us to go beyond searching for evidence of feedbacks and instead ask questions such as: What types of innovations have successfully been used to address these challenges? What structural components of the system affect its resilience to hydrological events and through what mechanisms? Are there differences between successful and unsuccessful strategies to solve one of the characteristic management challenges? If so, how are these differences affected by institutional structure and ecological and economic contexts? To answer these questions, social processes must now take center stage in the study and practice of water management. We also argue that water systems are an important class of coupled systems with relevance for sustainability science because they are particularly amenable to the kinds of systematic comparisons that allow knowledge to accumulate. Indeed, the characteristic management challenges we identify are few in number and recur over most of human history and in most geographical locations. This recurrence should allow us to accumulate knowledge to answer the above questions by studying the long historical record of institutional innovations to manage water systems.

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  • 342. Bremberg, Niklas
    et al.
    Michalski, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The European Union Climate Diplomacy: Evolving Practices in a Changing Geopolitical Context2024In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, ISSN 1871-1901, E-ISSN 1871-191XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union (EU) has systematically promoted global climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts. Since the 1990s, despite varying success in international climate negotiations, it has sought to take a leadership role in global climate politics. Internal consolidation of environmental and climate policies has enhanced EU policy coherence and strengthened its ability to influence international efforts to mitigate climate change. Globally, however, the picture is marred by geopolitical competition, rendering the context of global climate politics less propitious for the EU’s climate leadership. This article examines how the EU’s climate diplomacy is adapting to an increasingly complex international context. It finds that while the EU climate action is still premised on the deep-seated beliefs of the EU’s ambitious approach to climate, the practices of EU climate diplomacy have adapted to a changing geopolitical context. This evolution is traced through a set of key diplomatic practices: narration, co-ordination, outreach and mainstreaming.

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  • 343. Bremberg, Niklas
    et al.
    Mobjörk, Malin
    Krampe, Florian
    Global Responses to Climate Security: Discourses, Institutions and Actions2022In: Journal of Peacebuilding &$\mathsemicolon$ Development, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 341-356Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research suggests that International Organizations (IOs) are getting more involved in efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate-related security risks in different parts of the world. However, there is still a limited understanding of how discourse and action on climate security develop and diffuse in and across different institutional settings in various policy fields and geographical contexts. This article aims to contribute to advancing the research agenda by outlining an analytical framework that helps structure comparison across IOs along three key dimensions: (a) discursive framing; (b) institutional design; and (c) policy actions. To illustrate how the framework can be used in empirical analyses the article discusses findings from previous research. This is not only relevant to highlight the framework’s analytical usefulness as it also shows the relevance of these research findings for practitioners and decision-makers engaged in efforts to enhance the role of IOs in global governance of climate security—and across the humanitarian-development-peacebuilding nexus.

  • 344.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Swedish Inst Int Affairs, Box 27035, S-10251 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sonnsjo, Hannes
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Polit Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mobjork, Malin
    Stockholm Int Peace Res Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The EU and climate-related security risks: a community of practice in the making?2019In: Journal of European Integration, ISSN 0703-6337, E-ISSN 1477-2280, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 623-639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is increasingly acknowledged as a threat to states and societies, and several international organizations are now seeking to respond to climate-related security risks. The EU?s comprehensive approach to security suggests that the Union is particularly well-suited to respond to such risks, but the EU has not yet developed a coherent policy. This article addresses the gap between discourse and policy outcomes by exploring how practice shapes EU climate security policy. It provides unique insights based on practitioners? accounts of the work being done in the European Union External Action Service to align various EU foreign policy tools and instruments in order to address climate-related security risks. A key finding is that a community of practice is emerging on climate security in the EU, but it is characterized by overlapping and conflicting practices relating to climate diplomacy, development, and security and defence.

  • 345.
    Brengdahl, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Axiokrati och dess kriterier: En begreppsanalys av Meritokrati2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Meritocracy is a much-debated concept in both academia and society in general. Previous

    studies mostly defined meritocracy in terms of talent and effort. However, even if there exists

    an academic acceptance of the complexity and the multitude of dimensions of meritocracy in

    general, little has been said about the cultural prerequisites of meritocracy. This shows a need

    to be explicit about exactly what is meant by the term ‘meritocracy’. This paper aims to share

    new light on prerequisites of meritocracy with the help of Pierre Bourdieu’s sociological

    studies of symbolic capital, with the backdrop understanding of Adam Smith’s theory on

    necessities. Furthermore, the study aims by adopting a reflexive approach of Bourdieu’s

    theories, to construct a new theoretical framework, set out to define the phenomena of

    meritocracy and its cultural prerequisites.

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  • 346.
    Brismark, Ebba
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    PISA och svensk utbildningspolitik: En innehållsanalys2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 347. Brommesson, Douglas
    et al.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Karlsson Schaffer, Johan
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Högskolepedagogiska meriter: En valuta med svag kurs?2017In: Universitet AB : Om kommodifiering, marknad och akademi, Göteborg: Daidalos , 2017, p. 137-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I det här kapitlet analyserar vi de spänningar som finns inom det pedagogiska uppdraget sett ur universitetslärarens perspektiv: å ena sidan kräver högskolans huvudmän, intresseorganisationer och förståsigpåare att kraven på pedagogisk meritering måste höjas och skärpas, å andra sidan, trots att högskolepedagogiska kurser i allt högre grad gjorts till obligatorier, nödvändiga för anställning och befordran som universitetslärare, så har den pedagogiska fortbildningens värde ändå urholkats. Å ena sidan är det forskningsmeriter som är hårdvaluta i konkurrensen om tjänster, å andra sidan förväntas en svensk universitetslärare lägga 70-100 procent av sin arbetstid på undervisning. Å ena sidan kräver lärosätena att sökande till lektorat på ett alltmer omfattande sätt dokumenterar sina pedagogiska meriter, å andra sidan tillmäts pedagogiska kvalifikationer inte någon avgörande betydelse när sakkunniga värderar sökandes meriter i tillsättningsprocessen.

  • 348.
    Broomé, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Den auktoritära dynamiken i SD:s väljarbas: Ett socialpsykologiskt perspektiv på svensk politik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study tests Karen Stenner's theory of "The Authoritarian Dynamic" on voters of Swedish populist radical right party. It finds that the theory is highly applicable in the Swedish context; authoritarian voters turn out in large numbers for the Sweden Democrats. Voters with an authoritarian predisposition, meaning they value order and hierarchy in society, have to a large extent become activated in Sweden, rendering intolerant and aggressive behaviour. For authoritarians with low trust in the Swedish parliament this effect was particularly evident. Furthermore, the study finds that religious voters are far less likely to vote for the radical right. Lastly, an investigation into free time organisational activities of the Swedes is conducted. The result of this last study is that voters who are not active in any kind of organisation (sport clubs, choirs, religious communities) are more receptive to the message of the Sweden Democrats. The author's theory, with reference to the aforementioned, holds that a lacking sense of belonging and purpose are key factors driving support for the Sweden Democrats. This is particularly true for the authoritarian voters, who are often more prone to think in collective identities rather than in individual ones. The study attempts to fuse the political psychological theories of Karen Stenner with Robert Putnam's theory of social trust. Based on data from World Values Survey it finds robust statistical evidence for this connection. 

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    Den auktoritära dynamiken i SD:s väljarbas
  • 349.
    Brosché, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Causes of Communal Conflicts: Government Bias, Elites and Conditions for Cooperation2015Report (Refereed)
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  • 350.
    Brosché, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Conflict Over the Commons: Government Bias and Communal Conflicts in Darfur and Eastern Sudan2023In: Ethnopolitics, ISSN 1744-9057, E-ISSN 1744-9065, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 199-221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do communal conflicts turn violent in some regions but not in others? This article identifies conditions for intercommunal cooperation and examines what makes such cooperation break down. Inspired by Ostrom's CPR-theories, it highlights three mechanisms—sanctions, boundaries, and local rules—underpinning intercommunal cooperation. Next, the argument stipulates that government bias can undermine conditions for communal cohabitation, tipping the balance in favor of conflict rather than cooperation. A systematic comparative study between Darfur and Eastern Sudan—building on extensive fieldwork—provides empirical evidence for the argument. These findings provide new insights on how to enhance community resilience to communal violence.

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