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  • 301.
    Andersson, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Indiens roll i världen: En konstruktivistisk studie på Indiens passiva förhållningssätt gentemot Pakistan2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 302.
    Andersson, Petra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Impact of Electoral Systems on Women’s Political Representation: A Quantitative Study2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 303.
    Andersson, Rebecca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    International Election Observation: Promotion or Hindrance of Democracy?: A Qualitative Study on the Effectiveness of International Election Observation2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of international election observation have been largely studied on a general level, however, little attention has been dedicated to under which circumstances election observation is effective in terms of promoting democracy. This study seeks to explore what factors contribute to favorable conditions for election observation to be effective in African transitioning countries. The research is done through an exploratory qualitative case study, where six elections during the post-Cold War period are compared and analyzed. The results show that election observation can be effective on different levels, but regarding democracy promotion no clear-cut results can be provided. The general conclusions that can be drawn are that democratization through election observation is difficult to achieve when the relationship between the observers and the regime is strained, when outside political/economic/strategic interests are present, when the government is unwilling to switch from authoritarian rule to a multi-party system, and when resources are limited for the observers. However, other findings suggested that election observation can be effective in terms of stabilizing the political environment and easing tensions on the local level, as well as building confidence in voters to strive towards free and fair elections, which are potential factors for promoting democracy in the long term. These results provide a deeper understanding of when international election observation is successful in promoting democracy, and when other objectives are achieved instead.

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  • 304.
    Andersson, Signe
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Echoes of Democracy: Assessing Democratic Values in African Civil Society2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates how the level of democratic values differs between active members of different civil society organizations. Civil society has been considered a fundamental aspect of democracy and research have highlighted that some organizational characteristics are associated with democratization and sustainable democracy. However, variations in democratic values at the individual level, disparities between members of different civil society organizations, and the connection to democracy have to some extent been overlooked. This study investigates the nuanced relationship between organizational membership and democratic values across eight African countries using data from the World Value SurveyWave 7. This thesis focuses on exploring the disparities in democratic values among members of quotidian civil society organizations (QCSOs) which have been found to significantly contribute to democratization, compared to members of human rights civil society organizations (HRCSOs) where such significance is not observed. The research employs linear regression analysis to uncover subtle yet statistically significant differences. The findings indicate a marginal but noteworthy distinction in democratic values between active members of QCSOs and HRCSOs. This study highlights the importance of recognizing individual level differences in understanding the diverse landscape of civil society and its relation to democracy.

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  • 305.
    Andersson, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Målkonflikter inom hållbar utveckling: En studie om målkonflikter inom diskursen "hållbar utveckling" i regeringens skrivelser mellan 1996-2006.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den politiska diskursen om hållbar utveckling porträtteras ofta som konfliktfri, så som Brundtlandsrapportens definition där ekonomi, ekologi och social utveckling antas vara möjliga att förena med varandra. Detta verkar dock inte alltid stämma överens med verkligheten eftersom hållbarhetsvärdena pekar åt olika håll och därmed skapas motsättningar både mellan ekonomisk tillväxt och social rättvisa, ekonomisk tillväxt och miljöbevaring samt mellan miljöbevaring och social rättvisa.  

    Denna studie undersöker hur hållbarhetsdiskursen har förändrat med tiden genom att specifikt fokusera på diskursens inbegripande konflikter och hur dessa har utvecklats. Studien utgår från hypotesen om att konflikterna har blivit ambitiösare under tidens gång vilket förväntas göra konflikterna mellan värdena mer påtagliga. Utifrån valet av den socialdemokratiska regeringens skrivelser mellan 1996 till 2006 gjordes ett urval av tre fall, varav två specifika områden, energipolitiken och transportpolitiken samt de övergripande målen för hållbar utveckling. Resultatet visade på olika svar för alla tre fallen. Inom transportpolitiken har konflikterna varit synliga redan från början, däremot har nyanserna av de olika konflikterna tilltagit med tiden. För energipolitiken har det motsatta förhållandet ägt rum där konflikternas synlighet har varit låga under hela tidsperioden. Inom övergripande mål försvagades konflikterna något. Konflikternas synlighet berodde dels på målformuleringarnas tydlighet där tydligare målformuleringar medgav större möjlighet att upptäcka konflikter mellan målen och hållbarhetsvärdena. En annan orsak var om målformuleringarna sammankopplade hållbarhetsvärdena med varandra eller om de redovisades för sig. Med tiden gick det att finna ett mönster hos samtliga fall där målformuleringarna blev mer ambitiösa genom sin beskrivning av hur hållbarhetsvärdena förenades med varandra. Detta bidrog delvis till att konflikterna blev mindre synliga. Men det kunde också medföra att konflikterna kunde upptäckas lättare eftersom risken blev större att målen blev motsägelsefulla. 

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  • 306.
    Andersson, Viktor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Malm, Lydia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Gone with the Crises?: A Case Study on Aid Flows in Sweden, the United States and the United Kingdom in Times of Crises2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Determining whether great crises in donor countries, such as the contemporary COVID-19 pandemic, alter foreign aid allotment represents an urgent research problem. This thesis aims to disentangle if and how aid is increased, reduced or remained the same during crises. The work conducted is a case study of three donor countries: Sweden, the United States and the United Kingdom. Their aid is scrutinized in relation to three crises, the Nordic crisis, the global crisis of 2008 and the COVID-19 pandemic. An identified disagreement in the previous research helps create the theoretical framework guiding this study. A hypothesis is drawn from said framework, that aid allotment is to decrease during crises in donor countries. The findings of this thesis can neither confirm nor reject the hypothesis. Case-specific patterns emerge, implying a relationship between crises and alterations of aid. Seemingly, crises affect foreign aid allotment both positively and negatively, opening up for further research to verify the relationship.

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  • 307.
    André, Lovisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala University.
    Standby citizens or irrational couch potatoes?: A study of what characterizes French people who participate in demonstrations while abstaining from voting2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research shows a global trend of declining voter turnout and increasing levels of elite-challenging political action. In France, elite-challenging political action, such as participating in demonstrations, is especially prominent. In addition, the voter turnout in France has been recently declining. The French case is interesting in this regard, as the voter turnout is lower than the European average while participation in demonstrations is more common than in other European countries. What characterizes people who abstain from voting but nevertheless participate in demonstrations? 

    This study shows that the factors that characterize non-voting demonstrators are self-expression values, internal efficacy as well as dissatisfaction with the government. In addition, the group of non-voting demonstrators tend to differ compared to the group of voting demonstrators regarding external efficacy, net income level and gender. However, explanations of elite-challenging political action seem to be able to explain demonstration behavior better among voters than non-voters. This shows that the contemporary research field of political participation needs to advance. Understanding why people abstain from voting while engaging in demonstrations is important from several perspectives: it can help us understand how contemporary old democracies can become more stable and in congruence with the current democratic culture, which thereby would make them more stable; it can help us understand what characterizes critical citizens who participate in our democracy; and finally, it can help us understand how traditional forms of political participation, such as voting, are no longer the only ways for people to participate in politics. 

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    Standby citizens or irrational couch potatoes?
  • 308.
    Angerbjörn, Rebecka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Politisk och social tolerans i skolans värld: en undersökning av skolmiljöns påverkan på tolerans2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 309.
    Angestav, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Belt and Road Initiative - Den Nutida Marshallplanen?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 310.
    Ankar, Elsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Man behöver helt enkelt kärlek.: En studie om olika uppfattningar kring mottagandet av ensamkommande flyktingbarn och unga.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 311.
    Anker, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Om styrning: En kvantitativ studie om regeringens styrning av myndigheter2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 312.
    Ankler, Elina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Climate Security Synergies?: Investigating the Policy Responses of the EU and NATO2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is increasingly recognised as a threat to security by having implications on national defence and human wellbeing. Due to the transnational nature of climate change and its security implications, intergovernmental organisations (IGO:s) have become prominent actors in addressing such risks. However, little is known about the practical management of climate security implications within IGO:s and in particular to what extent policymakers fromdifferent organisations partake in integrated governance. Thus, to contribute to this research gap, my study aims to assess the potential for integrated governance. More specifically, the integration across the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) is examined, as these are key actors within the international community which have established an agenda addressing climate security risks. The study is a content analysis of policy documents from each IGO. I investigated the potential for integrated governance by using an analytical scheme that examines preconditions, targets of policy actions and efforts of cross community interactions. The results indicate that there is potential for integrated governance between NATO and the EU and that policy makers from these IGO:s acknowledge the importance of one another in the management of climate security risks. Taken together, these results contribute to new insights on climate security governance by examining the current relevance of integration and by identifying areas for further cooperation.

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  • 313.
    Anklev, Max
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Securitized or Not Securitized?: A Case Study of Sweden's COVID-19 Strategy During the First Year of the Pandemic2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes Sweden's unique and puzzling approach to the COVID-19 pandemic by using the securitization framework, exploring if Sweden's strategy during the pandemic's first year reflects securitization, (de)securitization, or non-securitization. It employs content analysis to evaluate Sweden's response, analyzing primary sources and academic literature, and uses a discourse table based on existing theoretical studies by Barry Buzan, Ole Waever, and Jaap de Wilde (1998) and Lene Hansen (2012) to assess indicators of securitization, (de)securitization or non-securitization. The study finds that initially, Sweden combined (de)securitization and non-securitization, led by the state epidemiologist Anders Tegnell and the Public Health Agency of Sweden (PHAS), treating the virus as a manageable health issue within existing healthcare systems. However, as the pandemic progressed, the Swedish government, led by Prime Minister Stefan Löfven, adopted a securitization strategy, framing COVID-19 as a significant national health threat. This shift illustrates the dynamic roles of various actors in pandemic discourse. The thesis argues against a binary view of securitization and (de)securitization, showing their fluid application in real-world crises. It highlights the interaction between scientific and political decision-making in crisis management, suggesting a spectrum of responses involving (de)securitization and non-securitization.

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  • 314.
    Annerberg, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Påverkar fördomar om muslimer ungdomars attityder kring hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck?: - En kvantitativ enkätundersökning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 315.
    Annerfalk, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Det enda gångbara: En studie över beslutet att outsourca den helikopterburna sjöräddningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 316.
    Annlinn, Mickelsson
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    En värderingsfeminism utan statlig paternalism: Om Ebba Busch Thors "nya feminism" och formuleringen av kvinnors intressen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 317.
    Ansell, Christopher
    et al.
    University of California, Berkeley.
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    How Learning Aggregates: A Social Network Analysis of Learning between Swedish municipalities2017In: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 43, no 7, p. 903-926Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a unique data set of learning among all 290 Swedish municipalities, we use social network analysis to analyze how learning networks aggregate nationally. To facilitate this analysis, we describe five ideal-typical patterns of aggregation—core-periphery, small world, top-down regionalism, bottom-up regionalism, and urban hierarchy. Each of these ideal types has important implications for how ideas, information, and innovation will circulate among municipalities. Social network analysis allows us to both isolate these patterns and to appreciate composite patterns. The analysis indicates that Swedish municipalities are a small world network with clear regional and hierarchical elements. County seats serve an important role as network hubs.

  • 318.
    Ansell, Christopher
    et al.
    University of California, Berkeley.
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Learning Networks Among Swedish Municipalities: Is Sweden a Small World?2017In: Knowledge and Networks / [ed] Johannes Glückler, Emmanuel Lazega & Ingmar Hammer, Springer International Publishing , 2017, p. 315-336Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Distributed, networked learning processes are widely touted as a basis for superior performance. Yet we know relatively little about how learning networks operate in the aggregate. We explore this issue by utilizing a unique data set on learning among Swedish municipalities. The data indicate that geographic proximity and county are the basic structuring properties of the global network. Municipalities learn from their near neighbors, especially from neighbors in the same county, and these two principles produce a high degree of local clustering in the municipal learning networks. At the same time, we also find evidence that Swedish municipalities are a small world linked together on a national basis. Two mechanisms knit the Swedish municipalities together. First, county seats serve as hubs that link local clusters together. Second, local clusters aggregate into regional clusters. Despite a high degree of local clustering, hubs and regions provide a structural basis for the national diffusion of policy ideas and practices among Swedish municipalities.

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  • 319.
    Ansved, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    “Head, Heart & Hand”: the contribution of collaborative arts programmes to peacebuilding in Myanmar2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will explore the contribution of collaborative arts programmes to peacebuilding in Myanmar, as perceived by the participants and practitioners of such programmes. It will do so by first investigating the respondents’ perceptions of current obstacles to peace in Myanmar, and then explore and analyse the perceived contributions of the programmes to peacebuilding. Finally, it will attempt to connect these two categories of findings together. The latter will be done using a conceptual framework based on Johan Galtung’s capacities for peace. The study is constructed as a qualitative case study of collaborative arts programmes in Yangon, Myanmar and builds on data generated through interviews and focus group discussions with arts programme participants and practitioners during February to April 2018. By relating to previous research on the arts and peacebuilding, this paper aims to contribute to the research field and provide a perspective on these processes in the context of Myanmar. Based on the data, the study finds that the central obstacles to peace in Myanmar are perceived as being primarily related to ethnic and religious discrimination and the current education system in the country. Furthermore, the paper concludes that there are several aspects that speaks for the potential of collaborative arts programmes to contribute to peacebuilding in Myanmar; in particular the combination of the programmes’ educational and empathetic elements. Lastly, the argument is made for further research and investments in arts programmes in conflict-affected contexts, to confirm and elaborate on the suggested potential of the arts to contribute to peacebuilding.

  • 320.
    Ansved, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Heartbeats of the Great Dragon: The Space for Political Expression in the Music Scene of Beijing2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will explore the space for political expression in the music scene of Beijing; as perceived by local musicians. The study tries to answer the question on what the space is for expressing views in music that contradict the Chinese government. Through the accounts of musicians in Beijing, what the perceived political space is and what aspects of musicians’ reality that affect this perception of space are investigated. It does this through a qualitative case study of the Beijing music scene consisting of interviews with musicians as well as related music professionals, conducted during the 15th of May until the 15th of July in 2015. Through relating to previous research on political censorship in authoritarian regimes, it aims to contribute to the research field as well as to put censorship of music in a theoretical context. The study concludes that there is a perceived “indirect” space in Beijing music for non-conforming political views to be expressed, as well as finding and outlining four main factors that contribute to this perception; namely 1. The censorship apparatus; 2. New freedoms: the economy and the Internet; 3. (Music) Career prospects and 4. The politics of Beijing. Conclusively, the argument is made for further analysis of written material in Chinese music (e.g. lyrics and song titles) to enrich these findings.

  • 321.
    Anter, Nora
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Partikulturer och politisk selektering: En kvantitativ studie av svenska kommunpolitiker2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prior research has shown that the parties in the Swedish Riksdag demonstrate differences in party-culture, constituted by collective self-images and norms. The aim of this study is to investigate if politicians in the Swedish municipalities, from seven different parties, express the same party-culture as their counterparts in the Riksdag previously have. In addition, the study seeks to find out if adherence to the respective party-cultures have implications for the selection of politicians to top positions. Three themes of party-culture is studied, namely political ability, feelings of political responsibility and the party’s strength in relation to individual party members. The themes are investigated by studying a selection of data from the survey KOLFU 2012, which was addressed to all politicians in Sweden’s municipal and county councils. These data were studied mainly through regression analysis. The results demonstrate that there appears to be accordance between the party-cultures on the municipal level and the national level in several respects, but that adherence to party-culture does not generally matter for political selection to top positions. 

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  • 322.
    Antunovic, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ett paradigmskifte i den svenska integrationspolitiken?: Den politiska debatten om språk-och kunskapskrav för permanent uppehållstillstånd och medborgarskap i Sverige2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study explores the political debate on integration requirements for permanent residence and citizenship in Sweden between the years of 2000 and 2023. Prior research by Christian Joppke shows that Europe is undergoing a policy trend called civic integration, wherein a large number of countries have introduced various types of requirements for permanent residence and citizenship. The trend emphasizes the fulfilment of duties as a precondition for obtaining certain rights, such as the right to stay permanently in the host country. 

    Sweden has been considered an exception from the policy trend, having not introduced any formal language and civics tests for immigrants. Previous research by Karin Borevi argues that Sweden´s integration politics are rights-based, in contrast to the duty-based approach characterizing civic integration.  However, in 2019 the Swedish government changed its stance on the integration requirements and proposed their introduction. Although these requirements have not yet been voted on in the parliament, recent developments suggest that it is only a matter of time. 

    By studying the political debate on language and civics requirements among different Swedish governments, findings show that the country has shifted from the rights-based approach to the duty-based approach within integration politics. The findings support previous research by Joppke and show that the country has become more aligned with the policy trend of civic integration. 

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  • 323.
    Antunovic, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Politisk tolerans i svenska gymnasieskolor: En teoriprövande studie av Allports kontakthypotes2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 324.
    Apelgren, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Promoting Women's Rights: The Case of Sweden's Feminist Foreign Policy2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 325.
    Apelgren, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Mediatization of EU-China Relations2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has described EU foreign policy as becoming mediatized, referring to a process where the communication of politics is being adjusted to changes in the media landscape. When more information is available to the citizens through a variety of media, political actors have to compete for the citizens' attention. Political actors are then using 'media logic', using tactics such as storytelling, simplifying and emphasising conflicts and differences, at the expense of 'political logic'. Political logic represents the use of traditional political values, institutions and consensus-building. The EU's communications about China can be seen as a disputed case, as a use of media logic could be helpful in uniting the member states in a common strategy towards China, as this has been a challenge for the EU. It could also, however, be avoided by the EU, as it could lead to the EU harming their relationship with China, as well as the economic interests of the member states. The results show that between the years 2016-2020, media logic is increasingly used, as well as becoming more polarising and visualising with time. This could be a result of the EU-China relationship becoming strained by conflicts with China on human rights issues, but also be a part of a communication strategy where the EU attempts to unite the member states, as well as gain legitimacy for its foreign policy. 

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  • 326.
    Appelkvist, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The European Union as an international actor from an Interactionist Role Theory perspective: Lessons from the crisis in Ukraine2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to answer how the EU’s role as an international actor was constructed after the Russian occupation of Crimea, by utilising an interactionist role theory analytical framework. In doing so it makes a theoretical contribution to the framework by connecting it to concepts found useful in earlier actorness research. The empirical contribution is made by tracing the role-making process that followed Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014. The framework proved useful when analysing how EU actorness was constructed in the role-making process. The analysis shows that though the EU had the capacity to participate actively and deliberately in the role-making process and thus had actorness, it was unable to assert itself in its preferred role as “peacemaker” between Ukraine and Russia. Instead, it played the role of “supporter of a Europeanising Ukraine”.

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  • 327.
    Arai, Kazuhiro
    et al.
    Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Yamauchi, Isamu
    Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hirano, Shigemi
    Department of Economics, Kanagawa University.
    The Structure and Determinants of Trust: The Cases of Japan and Sweden2005In: Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, ISSN 0018-280X, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 183-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure and determinants of trust are analyzed using questionnaire data from a sample of Japanese and Swedish university students. A salient characteristic of this analysis is that it considers various dimensions of trust. There are similarities and differences between the two countries in the relative magnitude of trust belonging to those dimensions. Family trust does not reduce various kinds of trust. It can be inferred from the responses of economics students that education and culture are important determinants of trust. Those who rely heavily on signals for trust decisions are less cooperative and less trustworthy. Some interpretations are given.

  • 328.
    Arfaoui, Esma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Diskriminering av högutbildade invadrarkvinnor: en kvalitativ studie utifrån medborgarskapsteori2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige betraktas idag som ett demokratiskt land och som är känt för sitt välfärdssystem. Det finns även diskrimineringslag i Sverige som ska skydda individer eller minoritetsgrupper i samhället på ett sådant sätt så att den inte blir särbehandlade. Trots det existerar idag diskriminering av kvinnor på grund av kön eller etnicitet på arbetsmarknaden. Syftet med studien är förstå högutbildade invandrarkvinnors diskriminering utifrån medborgarskap. Samt vilka svårigheter och möjligheter detta bidrar med. Studien ämnar undersöka hur relationen till medborgarskap påverkar hur kvinnor upplever diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden. En kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade frågor har använts för att få en förståelse av detta fenomen. Utifrån teorierna intersektionalitet av Paulina del ros Reyes, Diana Mulinari och medborgarskap begreppet av Thomas Humphrey Marshall. Resultatet sammanfattas genom att invandrarkvinnorna upplevde att deras etnicitet var det som var mest framträdande som diskriminering form. Invandrarkvinnorna ansåg sig själva som svenskar, men att de inte blir accepterade av samhället och att rättigheterna från medborgarskapet är det som förenar de som medborgare.

  • 329.
    Arksand, Algot
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fakta och offentligt beslutsfattande: Användning av expertkunskaper i budgetpropositioner från tre år2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 330.
    Arnstedt, Linnea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Diskriminering av HBTQI+-personer i Sveriges förvaltning: En fallstudie av den svenska Kriminalvården2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige är ett av de länder i världen som erbjuder störst skydd av HBTQI+-personers rättigheter. Detta skydd utgår bland annat från de mänskliga rättigheterna och den svenska diskrimineringslagstiftningen. Det är förvaltningens uppgift att se till att diskrimineringslagstiftningen upprätthålls i det svenska samhället. Utifall att själva förvaltningen skulle frångå en lag skulle dess verkan i samhället undermineras, både genom att förvaltningen inte utför sin uppgift och eftersom den fungerar som ett exempel på hur svensk lag bör implementeras. Syftet med denna uppsats är därmed att undersöka huruvida indikationer finns på att det i den svenska förvaltningen förekommer diskriminering av HBTQI+-personer. Vidare vill uppsatsen även finna indikationer på hur denna eventuella diskriminering i så fall ser ut, då HBTQI+-personernas olika minoritetsidentiteter tas i beaktande. Dessa syften ämnas uppfyllas genom en fallstudie av den svenska Kriminalvården utifrån principen mest trolig att finna diskriminering av HBTQI+-personer. För att besvara frågeställningarna genomförs en intervjustudie. Materialet från denna analyseras med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys och en analysram byggd utifrån begreppet diskriminering, såsom det beskrivs i svensk lag. En av de tydligaste slutsatserna som kommit av analysen är att indikationer finns på att diskriminering av HBTQI+-personer existerar inom Kriminalvården, och därmed i den svenska förvaltningen. I slutsatserna beskrivs även indikationer på hur denna diskriminering ser ut i relation till HBTQI+-personernas olika minoritetsidentiteter.

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  • 331.
    Aro, Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    I säkerhetens namn: Den svenska liberalismen och FRA-lagen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 332.
    Arvids, Matilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Authority Patterns Over Time: a comparison of asymmetric relationships on a local level in India between the 1960s, 1980s and 2010s2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to investigate how authority patterns have changed over time in the Indian districts Guntur and Krishna, by focusing on authority patterns as social relationships. Previous research on authority patterns often focuses on authority patterns as regime types, describing whether a regime is democratic or autocratic. This study takes a different approach using Harry Eckstein’s definition of authority pattens as a subset of human asymmetric relationships, relationships constructing the hierarchy in society. Social hierarchies guide human behaviour and predicts well-being and even survival, why it is important to understand their nature. In order to answer the research question of this thesis, a qualitative method and a ”strategy of change” (comparison over time) is used. Three points in time are analysed: the 1960s, 1980s and 2010s. In 1961 political scientist Myron Weiner conducted a field study regarding political participation in five Indian districts, and in 1985 the professor of international affairs Atul Kohli redid his study in order to compare local politics over time. The main contribution of this thesis is to pick up where Kohli left off, and once again analyse contemporary local politics in one of the districts and compare the findings to Weiner’s and Kohli’s. This design offers a unique opportunity to compare local Indian politics, and authority patterns, over the course of nearly 60 years. It is shown that authority patterns have changed over time, mostly because of the intertwined process of changing caste dynamics. However, the findings indicate that authority patterns in itself is an ambiguous concept, why future research is needed to get a deeper understanding of the nature of authority patterns.

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  • 333.
    Arvids, Matilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Tillfällig underhållning eller viktig vägledning?: En intervjustudie om ungdomars valkompassanvändning2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A growing alienation of citizens from politics is a current challenge to many modern democracies. Citizen participation is vital for democracy and engaging citizens becomes a central question within political science. At the same time the use of voting advice applications (VAAs) has increased steadily, particularly popular among young voters. This increasing usage indicates that VAAs fulfil young people’s needs, but what these needs are is unknown. To analyse what functions VAAs have for young voters, this study utilises data from interviews with high school students conducted after the Swedish Elections 2022. Furthermore, research on VAAs has focused on some aspects of voting behaviour such as their impact on citizens’ likelihood to vote. Relatively under-researched remain questions concerning VAAs and other forms of latent engagement with politics, such as deliberation over politics. This thesis seeks to examine these behaviours associated with VAA-use addressing young citizens in particular. The study finds that young people use VAAs with serious intentions to find political guidance. Moreover, VAAs can trigger deliberation over politics, but mainly during the election campaign.

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    M.Arvids_masterthesis
  • 334.
    Ask Popp-Madsen, Benjamin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Should we be afraid?: Liberal democracy, democratic backsliding, and contemporary populism2020In: Contemporary Political Theory, ISSN 1470-8914, E-ISSN 1476-9336, Vol. 19, no SUPPL 3, p. 161-168Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 335.
    Aslami, Laura
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Problematiseringen av gängkriminalitet: En policystudie av Socialdemokraternas och Moderaternas formulering av gängkriminalitet mellan 1996–20212022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 336.
    Aspberg, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Radical Right Environmentalism?: A qualitative study of the Sweden Democrats' environmental communication between 1989 and 20222023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 337.
    Aspengren, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Barnfattigdom på den politiska agendan: Ett socialt investeringsperspektiv på Sveriges två största partiers samhällsproblematiserande2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Barnfattigdom på den politiska agendan
  • 338.
    Aspengren, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Samhällsengagemang i sociala medier: En plattform för ungdomars politiska delaktighet2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Samhällsengagemang i sociala medier
  • 339.
    Asperholm Hedlund, Laura
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The discrepancy between the decreased support for women as political leaders and the increased percentage of women in parliament in post-coup d’état Madagascar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 340.
    Aspington, Caroline
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Intersektionalitet som metod för global jämställdhet: En intersektionell analys av Sveriges internationella utvecklingssamarbete2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 341.
    Asplund, Ella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensk vapenexport till diktaturer: En fallstudie om Saudiaffären och rollkonflikt i svensk utrikespolitik2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 342.
    Assadi, Sam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Beyond the turning point of activation: Describing the characteristics and changes of Active Labour Market Policy in Sweden between 1991-2017.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper tries to contribute to the collective knowledge on Bonoli’s (2010) concept “The Activation Turn “, both as a phenomenon and a turning point for ALMP in Sweden. It is argued that the Activation Turn has been legitimized in four phases in Sweden (Identification, First organisation, Second organisation and Stabilisation phase, between years of 1991-2017). This thesis argues that the blueprint for understanding and exploring the Activation Turn as a phenomonenon is to capture and compare the discourse and how it has developed within the state during these four phases. Using two guiding research questions: How can we describe the characteristics of ALMP during each phase? And how have ALMP have changed in Sweden since the beginning of the 90’s?

    This paper has tried to answer these two questions by doing a content analysis that captures the dominating characteristics of ALMP during each phase and how they have changed. The analysis has been done with a help of a coding scheme, which is derived from a theoretical framework on the three elements of institutional legitimacy: regulative, normative, and cognitive element. After counting the number of coded references from 38 state documents, and then analysing and discussing the results, we came to two overall conclusions. First, there has not been an Activation Turn, shift or transformation of ALMP, since the beginning of the 90’s within the state discourse. Second, the development of ALMP in Sweden can be characterized as fairly stable and resilient against changes.

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  • 343.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    19. The historical breakthrough of democracy2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 285-289Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 344.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    22. The civil society: parties and associations2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 300-307Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 345.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Järve, Priit
    Estonian Academy of Science, Tallinn, Estonia.
    21. Territorial power distribution2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 296-299Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 346.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Nousiainen, Jaakko
    Turku University, Finland.
    20. The structures of representative government2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 290-295Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 347.
    August, Nilsson
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    How has US policy planning bodies framed Greenland since 20132023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 348.
    Aune, Kajsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    When Two Orthodoxies Clash?: A Study of Gender Mainstreaming and Participatory Development at Sida2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the relationship between two orthodoxies in contemporary development: gender mainstreaming and participatory development. Specifically, this study examines whether these two strategies stand in conflict, in theory and in practice, where the donor agency the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) serves as the empirical case. Discourse analysis was conducted to examine whether the conflict can be discerned in Sida’s written suggestions for how to work with gender mainstreaming in development cooperation. To add nuance and depth, interviews have been carried out with Sida staff members to gain broad perspectives on the potential conflict. This study argues that the conflict can be discerned based on the underlying principles of gender mainstreaming and participatory development. While this study also provides a first attempt to illustrate how the conflict manifests itself in practice, future research is needed to establish the conflict’s empirical appearances. However, this study contributes with valuable indications of the conflict’s appearance and manifestation in practical development efforts that Sida is engaged in.

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  • 349.
    Auyeh, Mose
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Comparing No-Party Participatory Regimes: Why Uganda Succeeded and Others Failed2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this dissertation is to evaluate the performance of the no-party participatory regime (NPPR) model in a few selected countries. Such a regime, it was claimed, would give rise to a real and true democracy, would serve the people better, and would protect them against what many leaders saw as divisive party politics.

    This study investigates the extent to which these no-party participatory regimes were able, through mass institutions of mobilisation and participation, to involve people in public affairs, to capture the popular will, to promote people’s power, and to serve the population in at least a fairly efficient and effective way. More precisely, the study seeks to evaluate how responsive and effective the rule of regimes in Uganda, Pakistan, Libya and Ghana actually was, and to elucidate how the performance of said regimes was linked to a measure of legitimacy and stability. With regard to the main case, that of Uganda, the purpose of the book is to assess—by examining the performance of the Movement Regime Project (i.e., the system of reformed local government based on local councils)—the degree to which the stated goal of responsive and effective rule was achieved. The regimes in the historical cases (Pakistan, Libya, and Ghana) varied in how they performed against this model, but all of them chalked up a history of failed projects. The regimes in question simply became dictatorial; indeed, it is to such an outcome that the model has historically gravitated. Uganda, however, is a unique exception. The Movement project managed fairly well, at least up to 2005, to achieve responsiveness, a degree of effectiveness, legitimacy, and stability. To become fully democratic, however, it needs to take radical steps—above and beyond what it does today—in the furtherance of political freedom.

  • 350.
    Avelli, Martina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    A global assessment of flood disasters as a driver of water policy implementation2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) is essential for balancing coordinated water management with developmental needs and ecological sustainability. However, the escalating frequency and severity of extreme hazard events, such as floods, exacerbate risks to water resources and socio-economic development. At the same time, inefficiency of IWRM has caused flooding of many densely occupied regions. The aim of this study is to explore if there is an association between the frequency (number of events) and severity (fatalities, people affected) of flood disasters and the degree of water policy implementation on a national level. In the field of policy research, there are differing views on whether disasters facilitate policy change. Many have studied these contested assumptions, although previous research consists mostly of case studies or large-N studies that include several types of disasters. Here, regression analysis is used to study specifically flood disasters and water policy implementation. This cross-sectional study seeks to explore whether floods can explain why countries have made different progress in their IWRM implementation at a given point in time, in 2023. Data on 923 flood disasters between 2018-2022 will be combined with survey data on SDG indicator 6.5.1 tracking the progress on SDG 6 and assesses the status of IWRM implementation across the world. The results show significant relationships between severity measures of floods and status of IWRM, which could be small signals for an association between flood disasters and water policy implementation. However, the relationships vary in direction and strength, by element of IWRM and time-period, and therefore showing no strong association. This result goes in line with results from previous study and the ongoing debate within the policy field. 

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