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  • 4951.
    Zettergren, Linn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Responsibility failure or too high expectations?: From humanitarian crisis to legal dispute in cholera-struck Haiti2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the earthquake in Haiti 2010 a second disaster hit the small Caribbean country. This time in the shape of a cholera epidemic, imported by Nepalese UN soldiers. The disease outbreak culminated in a previously unpresented lawsuit against the United Nations in which their principle of absolute immunity was questioned. This study highlights the complex causal paths that preceded the legal dispute, by investigating three hypotheses on why the controversy with the UN got out of hand and could not be resolved through other means. The findings imply that the framing of the Haitian state as fragile and corrupt led to a shift in the perception of responsibilities. As the government was rendered incapable, international organizations were expected to provide health and well-being to the Haitian people. This however proved to be an expectation they could not live up to. The case of Haiti illustrates a good example of the difficulties in the delivery of large-scale humanitarian aid and how this can undermine existing institutions if implemented unwisely.

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  • 4952.
    Zetterlund, Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lärarlönelyftet i Sveriges kommuner: En kvantitativ studie över kommunstyrets påverkan på fördelningen av lärarlönelyftet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2016 the former gorvernment decided to increase the wage for specificly skilled teachers in order to deal with decreasing results and to strengthen the attractivety of the profession. This paper examines the relation between the political ruling in municipalitys in sweden and the ways these implemented the reform, called teachers pay rise. Some local governments chosed differentiated model while others provided a unitary amount to all teacher who fulfilled the criteria. The results from regressionanalysis show that the relation between the variables are more noticable in local governments who rules with a majority than others. both liberal and socialistic goverments was guided by their political ideology. Furthermore the results indicate that local politicians are influenced by their ideology when implementing the reform. Liberal governed municipalities more frequently provided larger variation in wage rise than socialistic municipalities. The implications of the results are interessting since the status of the Swedish model can be questioned and if school policies should be a political arena for local politicians. 

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  • 4953.
    Zetterman, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    »Det vänsterliberala etablissemanget«: Sverigedemokraternas förändrade narrativ, 2014–20182022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4954.
    Zingis, Paris
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Reunification of Cyprus? Party positions towards a solution of the Cypriot Problem: A systematic overview of the the Greek Cypriot parties’ positions towards a solution to the Cypriot Problem and how these affect a possible solution2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to create a systematic overview of the five biggest Greek-Cypriot political parties in terms of votes. The topic which is being examined is the political positions held by these parties towards the solution of the Cypriot Problem. The Cypriot problem is a very controversial topic in Cyprus given the fact that forty percent of the island is under Turkish occupation to this day. The attitudes towards finding a solution and the attitude towards a solution has been historically a topic of polarization, whereas certain groups in Cyprus have more values of Philhellenism and others believe in Cypriocentricism. The study seeks to identify the correlation of the aforementioned values in terms of certain types of nationalism, thus creating a systematic overview with the party positions from a G/C perspective. 

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    Reunification of Cyprus?
  • 4955.
    Åberg, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Flyktingkrisen 2015 och det folkliga stödet för EU: Påverkades det nationella stödet för EU-medlemskapet av hur många flyktingar en medlemsstat tog emot?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The support for the European Union has become a more relevant issue as its population has demanded more influence and insight into the EU:s organization over the last couple of decades. Previous studies show that earlier crises in the EU have affected the public’s support negatively. However, these studies have often measured the support in member states as one group or in groups based on their geographical location. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the change of support for the EU was different in different member states during the refugee crisis in 2015, based on their level of refugee reception. Therefore, the study first divided the member states into three groups based on how many refugees they welcomed during the crisis, and then measured the support from 2013 to 2019 for all three groups. The results of this study, presented in a time series diagram and regression table, showed that there was no link between refugee reception and change in support for the EU. The support for the EU declined in all groups, but only in the short term. 

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  • 4956.
    Åhlén, Mikaela
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    “My small contribution to peace on earth.”: An interview study on the role perception of street-level bureaucrats within EU soft law2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to explore how national street-level bureaucrats perceive their role when implementing EU soft law in a Europeanised environment. Existing studies have focused on the role perception of public servants working within implementation of EU hard law, or being diplomats or working on ministerial level. These studies find that there is an additional EU servant role perception, beyond the national servant role perception. It provides the theoretical and empirical expectation that the public servants on the street-level and within EU soft law are national servants and do not hold an additional EU role perception. The study uses theories on Europeanisation, identity and role perception, and street-level bureaucracy to further understand the case.

    The thesis is based on 13 semi-structured interviews to understand the role perception. The selected case is a least-likely study as it explores role perception of street-level bureaucrats within EU soft law. More precisely, the field of higher education and its internationalisation, as the study selects the Erasmus+ programme and street-level bureaucrats who work with its implementation in Sweden. This, to understand how they perceive their role when implementing an EU programme and in a Europeanised, but also national, environment.

    The findings of the thesis show that the street-level bureaucrats hold a national role perception but there are respondents who also present a perception of an additional EU role perception, for example five respondents who presented to be working for the EU in addition to the Higher Education Institution. Thus, it does not provide enough support for the theoretical and empirical expectations to be confirmed that street-level bureaucrats within EU soft law only hold a national servant role perception. Hence, it shows that it also exists a perception of also being an EU servant and holding loyalty to the EU.

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  • 4957.
    Åhsberg, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Kontroversiell omorganisation för minskad skolsegregation: En studie av policyprocessen i Gislaveds kommun2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4958.
    Åkerberg, Arvid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fackförbunden i dagens arbetskonflikter: En uppföljning av konfliktmönstret på den svenska arbetsmarknaden 2006-20202021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, Sweden is at historically low levels regarding the number of labor disputes and in which sectors industrial action occurs. Previous research has indicated that labor disputes in recent years have mainly been concentrated on small unions, mainly coordinating privately employed male workers in traditional working professions - but not in the manufacturing industry or the export-competitive sector. At the same time, it has been said that blockades have become a more popular weapon to use for workers than strikes in conflicts. The six unions that have been highlighted as the more conflict-ridden in the 90s and 00s are Svenska elektrikerförbundet (SEF), Målareförbundet, Transportarbetareförbundet, Byggnadsarbetareförbundet, Sveriges arbetares centralorganisation (SAC) och Svenska hamnarbetareförbundet. However, it has also been stated that it is too early to say whether this is a recent trend in the Swedish labor market or not.

    At the time of writing, fifteen years have passed since the last study was conducted. Therefore, this study has aimed to determine in a broader sense whether there is a new pattern of conflict in the labor market. In order to answer that question, a quantitative method has been used where data from The Swedish National Mediation Office was the basis for the analysis. The study results show that of the six unions that were among the most prominent in previous studies, a clear majority of these were also found in this survey (five out of six). However, the labor disputes were also concentrated in five other unions, such as Seko, Unionen, Svensk pilotförening, Kommunalarbetareförbundet and Livsmedelsarbetareförbundet. Thus, it is difficult to argue that there would be a trend that only incorporates small unions in traditional working professions when white-collar unions and larger willing to go into conflict. Instead, this study may clarify that almost half, 48 percent, of the labor disputes performed by the most active unions, were carried out by SAC, Svenska hamnarbetareförbundet and Svensk pilotförening, which are small unions without cooperation with any national trade union center. The results also indicate that trade unions in the industrial sector continue to have a low frequency of conflicts and that the strike is still the most common weapon to use in labor disputes.

  • 4959.
    Åkerberg, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Governing Natural Resources Successfully: The Institutional Grammar of Water Policy Programs in Ghana and Armenia2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4960.
    Åkerblom, Elisabet
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    SACO som särintresse och allmänintresse: organisationens påverkan på arbetsmarknadspolitikområdet1998Other (Other academic)
  • 4961.
    Åkerblom, Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Artificial intelligence in development: A qualitative analysis on smart technology from a democratic perspective2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4962.
    Åkerlind, Melker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Natural Duty of Justice: A Critical Examination2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to increase the understanding of the discussion of political obligation. This concern the questions if, how, and to what extent people are required to obey state commands. More specifically the purpose is to increase the understanding of one of the topics main theories, the natural duty of justice. This account states that people have a natural duty to comply with just institutions that apply to them, independent of any voluntary actions. 

    For this a discourse surrounding the theory has been examined and evaluated. It consists of Rawls argument for the theory, a criticism formulated by Simmons, and a defence formulated by Waldron. Rawls argues that for a just society to be stable, the natural duty of justice is necessary, and also sufficient for basing political obligations. Simmons criticises this account for dispensing of voluntary actions that he sees as necessary for political obligation. Without these, the application of just institutions is morally insignificant. Waldron then defends the account by adding additional requirements for institutions to apply, besides justice. Institutions also have to be effective, in the sense that they are able to enact justice, and legitimate in the sense that they are preferable to other alternatives. 

    I will argue that justice of institutions is necessary but insufficient for them to apply to people. Voluntary actions like consent will also be argued to be unnecessary for institutions application to be morally significant. If institutions are not only just but also effective and legitimate, in the sense that they are the most just and effective in relation to the viable alternatives, then their application and commands has moral significance. The conclusion of this essay then is that the natural duty of justice can account for political obligations, given high demands for institutions to apply. 

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  • 4963.
    Åkerlund, Kristin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Skillnaden mellan att attackera och diskutera: En studie om hur en politikers kön påverkar dess framställning i media2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4964.
    Åkerman, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Politics of Unresponsiveness: The effects of issue salience and party convergence on radical right-wing success in Sweden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4965.
    Åkerrén, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Verksamhetsstyrning i svenska myndigheters regleringsbrev: En studie av hur svenska myndigheter styrs genom olika typer av mål i regleringsbreven2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4966.
    Åkerstedt Bergsten, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rysk Identitet och Utrikes-politik under Krimkrisen och dess Upptakt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Kodning och kategorisering
  • 4967.
    Åkerström, Alice
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Varför hemmafru, nu?: En jämförande studie av kvinnors arbetsmarknadsdeltagande i Japan och Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The gender-gap in the labour market appears to increase in correlation with women childbearing. The reason to that is because the women are the main caretakers of children, which lead to a decreasing participation in the labour market amongst women in fertility age. The absence from work has a negative effect on opportunities of career and salaries while it at the same time does not affect men. Earlier research show that an equal share in child raise and attending in the labour market has positive effects on both parents and children. Therefore gender equality and women participation in the labour market is of great importance. This study aims to analyze what causes or increase women participation in the labour market when childbearing. Both Japan and Sweden are two relatively similar industrial countries, and share important factors that should increase women participation in the labour market according to earlier research. The women employment rate is very low in Japan while Sweden has one of the highest women employment rates and therefore data has been collected to find the reasons behind the differences in the countries. The main explanations are policies but also cultural values, which will be the primary factors that will be compared. What seems to be of importance is the view of the women, which can be affected by both policies and cultural values.

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    Alice Åkerström
  • 4968.
    Åkerström, Alice
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Varför hemmafru, nu?: En jämförande studie av kvinnors arbetsmarknadsdeltagande i Japan och Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4969.
    Ånell, Anton
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ånell, Noah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Adaptation - According to who?: Specific adaptive capacity, democracy, and selectorate theory in China & Brazil: A qualitative document analysis2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4970.
    Åsell, Alva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Demokrati i samhällskunskapsundervisningen: Deltagande eller deliberativ?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4971.
    Åström, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The need for leadership on Climate Change: A study examining the framing of leadership by the UNEP2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    The need for leadership on Climate Change
  • 4972.
    Åström, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Olika men lika: En analys av gemensamma faktorer hos utomeuropeiskt födda individers upplevelser av integration2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore the concept of self-perceived integration by testing assumptions and by introducing new aspect of integration and examining the relations between them. Through interviews with eight persons of different backgrounds, born outside of Europe, who have immigrated to Sweden, it is shown that employment, previously assumed to be of the highest importance for integration, will only lead to further integration if it also provides certain variables. These variables are skills in Swedish, providing a sense of belonging and understanding of the Swedish culture. However, these individuals attest to that unless the individual is motivated enough, and there is mutual respect between the immigrated culture and the Swedish culture, no integration will be possible at all.

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  • 4973.
    Åström Tolf, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Unwillingly Advised: A field study on the dynamics of policy advice in developmentcooperation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    While development cooperation largely consists of policy advice, the suggestions and inputs on development that policymakers in the Global South receive from donors and other international actors, little research exists on what makes policy advice useful to these policymakers. The aim of this study was to find out why policymakers in the Global South find some advice useful and some not. This was done through a field study in Kenya, using interviews with 23 policymakers and advisors. The analytical framework that was applied to the material reconciled the SCL model of analysing policy advice in terms of its content, with a critical postcolonial perspective which regarded the delivery of advice. The study showed that  the usefulness of policy advice for Kenyan policymakers is as dependent on the delivery of the advice as it is on its content, unlike what has been implied previously by Western research on think tanks. The study also concluded that not only is it possible to merge the two theoretical perspectives of policy advice and postcolonial theory, despite the difference in abstraction levels, applying a postcolonial perspective can be crucial in order to examine the full scope of what makes policy advice useful to policymakers in the Global South.

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    Unwillingly Advised by Linnéa Astrom Tolf
  • 4974.
    Åvall, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Offer för arbetslöshet eller skyldig till densamma?: En studie av den svenska arbetslinjen under 2000-talet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppstats görs en idéanalys av det innehåll Moderaterna respektive Socialdemokraterna fyllt konceptet “arbetslinjen” med sedan millennieskiftet och vad detta implicerar för syn på de arbetslösa. Ett antal arbetsmarknadspolitiska propositioner och protokoll från tillhörande riksdagsdebatter studeras och analyseras med hjälp av “idealtyper” av olika varianter av “arbetslinjen”. Resultaten visar att Socialdemokraterna har fört en arbetslinje med fokus på samhällets skyldighet att ge de arbetslösa stöd att få ett arbete. Ett fokus har också funnits på att arbetena ska vara välbetalda och passa de arbetslösa. En positiv bild av de arbetslösa där de ses som offer för arbetslöshet impliceras. Moderaterna har fört en arbetslinje som överlag också varit inriktad på att ge de arbetslösa stöd, men som haft mer fokus på eget ansvar och att motverka missbruk av ersättningar. Vid ett tillfälle synes de varit mer fokuserade på att kräva motprestation från de arbetslösa än att på att ge dem stöd. En dubbel bild av de arbetslösa, där de å ena sidan ses som offer för arbetslöshet som bör ges stöd och å andra sidan ses som “skyldiga” till arbetslöshet vilka bör pressas, impliceras.

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  • 4975.
    Öberg, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Civic engagement or political participation: A minor field study on organizations in Turkey2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Civic engagement or political participation
  • 4976.
    Öberg, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Statsförvaltningen och dess problem: En fallstudie om orsaker till transportstyrelseskandalen och genomgång av processen som ledde till avsteget från lagen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4977.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Deliberation2016In: Handbook on Theories of Governance / [ed] Christopher Ansell and Jacob Torfing, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 179-187Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4978.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Deliberation2022In: Handbook on Theories of Governance / [ed] Christopher Ansell;Jacob Torfing, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022, 2, p. 178-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Governance includes a plethora of actors, and it is often assumed that these actors aim to realize common objectives through collaboration, and sometimes even through a deliberative exchange of reasons. Although this makes deliberation a key concept in governance theories, conditions for deliberative governance and its mechanisms are seldom elaborated on in the governance literature. This chapter describes recent developments in empirically oriented deliberative theory and research. The current controversies in the field, including discussion on the understanding of reason-giving in different contexts and whether citizens can and are willing to deliberate, are disentangled. Tensions between deliberation and deliberative democracy are highlighted. The aim of the chapter is to contribute to a better understanding of how current research on deliberation can be integrated into theories of governance.

  • 4979.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Does Administrative Corporatism Promote Trust and Deliberation?2002In: Governance. An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, ISSN 0952-1895, E-ISSN 1468-0491, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 455-475Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How corporatist arrangements actually work has not been empirically demonstrated, despite the theoretical focus on interest intermediation. This article investigates whether corporatism affects trust and deliberation in state activities, using Swedish public administration as a case study. First, it is doubtful that corporatism directly promotes trust among citizens, but it very likely promotes trust within and between the represented organizations. Second, interest-group representation cannot be understood as a process of strict delivering of positions adopted in advance. Preferences are often transformed in discussions where other interests are involved. Furthermore, the case investigated here shows that the decision-making process within a corporatist arrangement resembles deliberation, rather than negotiations between "contesting interests".

  • 4980.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fredrika Lagergren: På andra sidan välfärdsstaten. En studie i politiska idéers betydelse. Stockholm: Brutus Östlings Bokförlag Symposion.2000In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 103, no 2, p. 163-178Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4981.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Interest Organizations in the Policy Process: Interest Advocacy and Policy Advice2015In: The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics / [ed] Jon Pierre, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 663-678Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4982.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Intresseorganisationen: samtalspartner eller åsiktsleverantör2008In: Samtalets mekanismer, Malmö: Liber , 2008, p. 129-147Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4983.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Medborgarnas inflytande och särintressenas makt: korporatism och lobbying i statsförvaltningen : rapport till Förvaltningspolitiska kommissionen1997Report (Other academic)
  • 4984.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Power, trust and deliberation in Swedish labour-market politics2002In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 451-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on labour market relations:

    • To what extent do main actors share key opinions?
    • Which actors are considered influential?
    • Who is trusted by whom, and how much?
    • Does communication take the character of deliberation?

    Since relational data in Industrial Relations is rare, 71 actors in Sweden were asked about each other (770 elite positions, slightly more that 300 answered). Asserted changes seem over-estimated. The state still hold key positions. Peak-organisations and the Social Democratic Party are also influential, but less so. Powerful actors are less trusted over class borders, but the Labour Court and the Conciliators' Office are considered trustworthy, rational 'deliberators'. It is hypothesised that they produce "the cement of society" that holds the system together.

  • 4985.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Schmitter, Philippe C.2021In: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Interest Groups, Lobbying and Public Affairs / [ed] Harris P., Bitonti A., Fleisher C.S., Binderkrantz A.S., London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, p. 1-7Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Philippe C. Schmitter (born 1936) has done path-breaking work within many different research fields where interest groups play important roles. This includes studies on neo-functionalism and European Union politics, public policy in Latin America, and global democratization processes. Still, he has primarily become strongly associated with the concept of corporatism, which describes a particular form of relationship between interest groups and the state (see chapter on “Corporatism (and Neo-corporatism)”). Schmitter characteristically combines his deep knowledge of classic political theory with insightful and innovative observations of real-life politics, providing thought-provoking new theoretical ideas. He formulates important critique directed at political science in general and democratic theory in particular, for their simplified assumptions about associations as political actors and state structures. This critique has significantly informed Schmitter’s work on corporatism and interest intermediation and profoundly changed interest group research as he demonstrated the limits of pluralism (see chapter on Pluralism) and other formerly dominating perspectives based on theories of liberal democracy. His thoughts on different modes of intermediation embedded in various contexts have inspired several generations of interest group researchers to continued renewal of the field. Schmitter has published his main contributions in journal articles or in book chapters in influential edited books, often with Schmitter himself as one of the co-editors. While this chapter focuses on his most important work on interest intermediation and corporatism, it is important to reemphasize that Schmitter has contributed to several other fields of research, most notably on democratization, for example, with his Transition from Authoritarian Rule. Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies (O’Donnell et al., 1986, co-authored with Guillermo O’Donnel and Lawrence Whitehead).

  • 4986.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Är ett organiserat civilt samhälle bra för demokratin?2013In: Statsvetenskapens frågor / [ed] Li Bennich-Björkman, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, p. 93-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4987.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hallberg Adu, Kajsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The deceptive juncture: The temptation of attractive explanations and the reality of political life2009In: The evolution of path dependence / [ed] Lars Magnusson and Jan Ottosson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 108-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book chapter discusses path dependence theory in relation to analysis of political processes, suggesting that path dependence explanations are only sometimes helpful, but often overlook critical features of political life. We argue that a path dependence approach has to take into account rational actors in a broader way, and in so doing would make a great difference. Furthermore, we discuss the nature of chance, whether it is continuous or non-contiguous, exogenous or endogenous, common or rare, and propose that this part of the theory should be more elaborated. Accordingly, this has consequences for how we view one of the corner stones of path dependence: In our view, there are good reasons to be more careful about singling out critical junctures. We illustrate our position with three empirical cases often used in path dependence discussions. These three cases are examples of central components of the Swedish model; its comprehensive welfare state, the extensive integration of interest groups into public policy, and the very co-ordinated wage-bargaining system. We conclude with a discussion about methods that are suitable for understanding stability and change. However, before doing that, we review some of the recent path dependence studies and take a closer look at the ideas that have transitioned from economics.

  • 4988.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hermansson, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Berg, Per-Åke
    I väntan på solnedgången: Arbetslivsfondens tillkomst och verksamhet : en studie av makt och rationalitet inom förvaltningspolitiken : en bok från PISA-projektet1999Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The largest programme ever to deal with occupational safety in Sweden was implemented in 1990-1995. A temporary government agency, The Swedish Working Life Fund, was estab-lished for the administration of the programme.

  • 4989.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Thelander, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. The Swedish Social Insurance Inspectorate .
    Political Power and Policy Design: Why Are Policy Alternatives Constrained?2015In: Policy Studies Journal, ISSN 0190-292X, E-ISSN 1541-0072, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 93-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Little research examines the stage of the policy process during which policy alternatives are formulated. Using quantitative and qualitative data from Swedish local politics, we address this deficiency by analyzing the process by which the number of specific policy alternatives is reduced. The findings suggest that, in approximately 20 percent of issues, more than one alternative will reach all politicians making the binding decisions. Most local politicians, in both the majority and opposition factions, think that they lack sufficient information on alternative policy designs. We also find a “political bias,” that is, alternatives are discarded at an early stage because they are deemed not politically feasible. Politicians outside the inner circles, especially those with higher education, would like to see more policy alternatives to discuss and from which they can make choices.

  • 4990.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Montpetit, Éric
    University of Montreal.
    Expert Views in the Media during Canadian and Swedish Elections: Educative or Entertaining?2021In: IRPP Insight, E-ISSN 2291-7748, no 35Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Journalists who interview experts are motivated to select quotations that attract andentertain news consumers. This paper examines whether there is a relationshipbetween how often experts appear in the media and the educational content oftheir quotes. The authors analysed quotes from experts in four Canadian and fourSwedish newspapers during the national election campaigns held between 2000and 2015. They conclude that newspapers prefer experts whose quotes are entertaining, at the expense of experts who can educate the public. The differencesbetween Canada and Sweden are minimal. This suggests there are powerfulforces that transcend national borders at work, including growing competitionamong media organizations.

  • 4991.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Making Capitalism Work: Fair Institutions and Trust2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    In the field of political science researchers have shown empirically that the perception of relevant political institutions as fair may produce political (vertical), as well as interpersonal (horizontal) trust. By making use of these overlapping but separate theoretical frameworks, we formulated three hypotheses that we tested on data from a survey conducted in Sweden in 2006. First, we investigated whether the extent to which an employee perceives formal institutions as fair and duly enforced lower the probability that he/she will behave opportunistically. Second, we tested whether an employee’s trust in the opposite party had equivalent effects. Third , we examined whether an employee’s perception of formal institutions as fair and duly enforced increased his/her trust in the opposite party. All three hypotheses were supported by the data. Our interpretation is that that there is indeed an effect on cooperative behavior and willingness to enter into flexible contracts from perceptions of fair and enforced institutions, but it is indirect. Trust, however, has direct effects and, consequently, mediates the effects of institutions as well.

     

     

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  • 4992.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Similarity vs. homogeneity: Contextual effects in explaining trust2011In: European Political Science Review, ISSN 1755-7739, E-ISSN 1755-7747, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 345-369Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Diversity has powerful advantages, but may also generate internal tensions and low interpersonal trust. Despite extensive attention to these questions, the relationship between diversity and trust is often misunderstood and findings methodologically flawed. In this article, we specify two different mechanisms and adherent hypotheses. An individual might base her decision to trust on her perceived social similarity in relation to others in the community, that is, a similarity hypothesis. However, in a homogenous context, she might expect trustworthy behavior irrespective of her own social position due to signals of low degrees of social conflict and dense social networks, that is, a homogeneity hypothesis. Prior research has pinpointed only one of these mechanisms. The homogeneity hypothesis has not been explicated, and when the intention has been to test the similarity hypothesis, the homogeneity hypothesis has unintentionally been tested instead. The results are straightforward. While the homogeneity hypothesis is strongly supported, the findings speak against the similarity hypothesis.

  • 4993.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Civil Society and Deliberative Democracy: Have Voluntary Organisations Faded from National Public Politics?2012In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 246-271Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The political context of civil society in Western Europe has changed dramatically in recent decades. These changing circumstances may produce a decline in the integration of civil society into political life especially deliberative activities at the national level. This article discusses how serious these alleged threats are to a hitherto vital civil society that of Sweden. It focuses on fours indicators of organised civil society's contribution to deliberative democracy. First, have efforts to contact politicians, public servants and the media, as well as participation in public debates, decreased? Second, has civil society directed interest away from national arenas and instead concentrated resources in local and/or supranational arenas? Third, is there any evidence of a withdrawal from public activities, such as public debates and media activities in favour of direct contacts with politicians and public servants? Fourth, has civil society become more professionalised in the sense that interest groups are increasingly hiring professional consultants? Two surveys conducted in 1999 and 2005 show that Swedish organised civil society has not faded from national public politics. However, growing public participation is almost exclusively connected to increasing communication via the mass media and direct contact with politicians. Taking part in open public debate has not increased. The national arena has marginally lost some importance. Moreover, there is an increasing tendency to hire professional lobbying consultants. This might improve the quality of civil society's contributions to public deliberation, but a more elitist civil society might also develop, which is uninterested in social dialogue.

  • 4994.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Civila samhället och den upplysta välfärdsstaten2011In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 113, no 1, p. 131-139Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4995.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Does power drive out trust?: Relations between labour market actors in Sweden2010In: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 143-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although power and trust are crucial to human cooperation, and considerable attention has been paid to both these concepts in the social sciences, the relationship between them has been poorly investigated. In this article, based on data about a complete network of labour market actors in Sweden, it is investigated whether power ‘drive out trust’ or if power a requirement of trust. In contrast to previous research, it is concludes that there is a positive relationship between power and trust, although it levels out when power is at a very high level. Also in disagreement with previous findings, it is shown, that symmetry in power relations is not a guarantee of trust: two actors with symmetric low power do not trust each other, at least not in this specific institutional setting. Moreover, the theoretical argument is developed and refined by showing that shared beliefs and group membership also have independent impact on trust, as well as a perception that the other actor is pursuing the common good. Hence, the presumed negative impact of power on trust, is not only neutralised, but also transformed into a positive impact in the social context investigated here. However, more research is needed to show whether this finding is true only within certain institutional settings, and, if so, within which ones.

  • 4996.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Exploring Networks of Power, Trust and Deliberation in Swedish Industrial Relations. A First and Preliminary Social Network Analysis2002In: Paper to be presented at the XIIIth Nordic Political Science Conference, NOPSA, in Aalborg, August 15-17, 2002, 2002Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 4997.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    How are co-ordinated market economies co-ordinated: evidence from Sweden2005In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 1075-1100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Central actors in coordinated economies have a dense network of associations for coordinating their actions. However, we lack knowledge of how such relationships are constituted and how the mechanisms of such coordination work. In the present article, we concentrate on the non-market mechanisms of power and trust. We want to know: Are all actors in the industrial relations system connected to each other or are they divided into contending but coherent groups? And in that case, do certain actors playing the role of 'brokers' connect these groups? A social network analysis on survey data from Sweden shows that the state and the peak-organisations still hold powerful positions. Simultaneously, when concentrating on reciprocal ties, the organisational borders are in particular bridged over by public sector organisations. However, actors with power are not highly trusted. Instead, other state actors¾especially the Labour Court¾play an important role as a broker that all parties trust.

  • 4998.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, TorstenUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Power and institutions in industrial relation regimes: political science perspectives on the transition of the Swedish model2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's National Institute for Working Life launched the project 'The Swedish Model in Transition' in collaboration with the Faculty of Social Sciences at Uppsala University in 1996. The general idea was to explore recent developments on the Swedish labour market and its system of industrial relations - the frequently discussed 'Swedish model'. This volume consists of a set of essays written by political scientists who have been involved in the programme as doctoral students or post-doctoral researchers, and presents some of the contributions and insights gained. The first section of the book deals with struggles of power over institutions: It investigates alternative explanations of wage coordination, how gender equality politics is shaped, and why the former corporatist system in Sweden was undermined. The second section deals with power within institutions: which are the determinants of political cleavages in Sweden and what are the mechanisms of cooperation? The last section focuses on power through institutions: How does globalisation affect the strength of organised labour and how does unemployment and workplace democracy influence political participation? Furthermore, what is the impact of the European Union on Equal Pay policies? It is shown that future rules of the game will hamper some actors' powers while enhancing those of others. This will affect how alliances are built and coordination is achieved. But, whether the development of the Swedish Model will continue along the same path as hitherto, or whether it will change direction, will be determined in power struggles between well-informed and goal-oriented actors.

  • 4999.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Power, Trust and Deliberation in Swedish Labour-Market Politics2002In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 451-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on labour market relations and particularly the following aspects:

    To what extent do main actors share key opinions? Which actors are considered influential? Who is trusted by whom, and how much? Does communication take the character of deliberation?

    Since relational data in industrial relations is rare, 71 actors in Sweden were asked about each other (770 elite positions, slightly more that 300 answered).

    Asserted changes as regards power in the Swedish industrial relations system seem over-estimated. The state still hold key positions. The peak-organisations and the Social Democratic Party are also influential, although less than the ministries. All these powerful actors are less trusted over class borders, while the Labour Court and the Conciliators’ Office are considered trustworthy, rational ‘deliberators’. It is hypothesised that they produce “the cement of society” that holds the system together.

  • 5000.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Christiansen, Peter Munk
    Aarhus University.
    Nørgaard, Asbjørn Sonne
    University of Southern Denmark.
    Rommetvedt, Hilmar
    IRIS, Stavanger.
    Thesen, Gunnar
    IRIS, Stavanger.
    Disrupted Exchange and Declining Corporatism: Government Authority and Interest Group Capability in Scandinavia2011In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 365-391Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Denmark, Norway and Sweden are still among the most corporatist democracies in the world. Although corporatism has declined in Scandinavia over the last decades, it still exists, albeit at a lower level. Based on comparative and longitudinal data, we argue that this is a consequence of the disruption of some of the prerequisites to corporatist exchange. Neither governments nor the relevant interest groups in Scandinavia control what their exchange partner desires to the same extent as they did during the heyday of corporatism. Despite the involvement of different factors in the three countries, the main pattern is the same. Consequently, the character of state–interest group relations in Scandinavia is not as distinctive as it used to be.

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